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iron ore crusher sinter pellets reducibility

Reduction of Iron Ore Pellets, Sinter, and Lump Ore under ...

Mar 23, 2020  Herein, the reducibility of the iron ore pellet, sinter, and lump ore in the BF shaft are focused on. The experiments are conducted isothermally with a blast furnace simulator (BFS) high-temperature furnace at four different temperatures (700, 800, 900, and

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Improving reducibility of iron ore pellets by optimization ...

It has direct influence on improving productivity and lowering energy consumption in iron making process. The reducibility of iron ore pellets of a specific chemistry can be improved by the optimization of physical parameters such as induration temperature, improving size distribution of fines, improving apparent porosity etc.

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(PDF) Improving reducibility of iron ore pellets by ...

The reducibility improvement of iron bearing materials can improve the indirect reduction in blast furnace and thereby increase productivity and quality of hot metal and decrease energy...

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Reducibility of iron ore pellets and effect of additions ...

Dec 01, 1973  Abstract. The effect of lime and silica addition on the reducibility, of sintered iron ore and synthetic hematite pellets was investigated. The addition of lime and/or silica (up to about 10% total) to sintered synthetic hematite pellets has little effect on the reducibility at

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Iron Ore Sinter - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

Lump iron ore, sinter, and/or pellets are reduced by first being metallized in a reduction shaft by off-gases coming from the melter/gasifier reactor. The product consists of

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IRON ORE SINTERING PART 2. QUALITY INDICES

reduction in sinter strength, reducibility and productivity [11,12]. In research carried out in a sinter pot with 65 kg of raw mix, the MgO content of four manufactured sinters was increased from 1.4 to 2.6% by the addition of dolomite to the mix. The iron ore used presents a low MgO content (0.01%) and a high Al 2 O 3 content (2.99%).

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(PDF) COMPARISON OF SINTER AND PELLET USAGE IN

The global seaborne iron ore market including si nter feed, lump ore, pellets and pellet feed has rapidly increased over the last decade. While sinter feed sales dominate the

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Reducibility of iron ore pellets and effect of additions ...

Dec 01, 1973  Abstract. The effect of lime and silica addition on the reducibility, of sintered iron ore and synthetic hematite pellets was investigated. The addition of lime and/or silica (up to about 10% total) to sintered synthetic hematite pellets has little effect on the reducibility at

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reducibility-ore-sinter-pellets-testing-determining-RDI ...

The RF-33/TV/RDI has been designed primarily to test the properties of the iron ore charge – lump ores, pellets, and sinter. However, in case of adding the coke making software modules and CSR testing equipment, it is also possible to test coke properties alike with the RF-33, RF-33/KK or RF-33/TV Systems. The RF-33/TV/ RDI System therefore ...

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EFFECT OF SIZE OF IRON ORE PELLETS ON ITS REDUCTION

Use of iron ore pe llets not only increase the productivity of the plant but also produce good quality iron. So it is essential to know about the various factors which affect the reducibility of th e iron ore pellet. In our project we aim at studying the effect of size of iron ore pellet on i ts reduction kinetics and in the course of

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ore iron ore sinter for chinese steel plants

Nov 03, 2021 In this process, a mixture of iron ore fines, flux, and coal particles is heated to about 1300 °C–1480 °C in a sinter bed The strength and reducibility properties of iron ore sinter are obtained by liquid phase sintering The silicoferrite of calcium and aluminum (SFCA) is the main bonding phase found in modern iron ore sinters

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IRON ORE SINTERING PART 2. QUALITY INDICES AND ...

reduction in sinter strength, reducibility and productivity [11,12]. In research carried out in a sinter pot with 65 kg of raw mix, the MgO content of four manufactured sinters was increased from 1.4 to 2.6% by the addition of dolomite to the mix. The iron ore used presents a low MgO content (0.01%) and a high Al 2 O 3 content (2.99%).

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Iron Ore Sinter – IspatGuru

Jul 15, 2014  Iron Ore Sinter. Iron ore sinter or simply called sinter is usually the major component of a blast furnace iron bearing burden material. Sinter normally consists of various mineral phases produced by sintering of iron ore fines with fluxes, metallurgical wastes and a solid fuel. Coke breeze is normally used as fuel in the sinter mix since it ...

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Ore Pellet - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

Sinter and pellets are major iron carriers in the BF; lump iron ore with appropriate characteristics is also used. New burden materials—self-reducing pellets (SRP) and iron ore–carbon composites (shortly composites) with cold embedded reactive carbonaceous materials—have been proposed to decrease carbon consumption in the BF.

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Effect of Temperature, Time, and Cooling Rate on the ...

SINTERING OF OXIDES AND CONCENTRATES Effect of Temperature, Time, and Cooling Rate on the Mineralogy, Morphology, and Reducibility of Iron Ore Sinter Analogues TOBIN HARVEY ,1 MARK I. POWNCEBY,2 JEFF CHEN,3 NATHAN A.S. WEBSTER,2 THI BANG TUYEN NGUYEN,1 LEANNE MATTHEWS,1 DAMIEN O’DEA,4 and TOM HONEYANDS1,5

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(PDF) Iron Ore Sintering: Quality Indices

May 02, 2017  Sintering is an agglomeration process that fuses iron ore fines, fluxes, recycled products, slag-forming elements and coke. The purpose of

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reducibility iron ore pellet grain size - BINQ Mining

Porous iron ore pellets – Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho. Sep 21, 1982 Porous iron ore pellets and a The reducibility of the pellets the efficiency of pellet production. However, the grain size is preferred to »More detailed

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Iron Ore Pelletizing Process: An Overview IntechOpen

Jul 11, 2018  The iron ore production has significantly expanded in recent years, owing to increasing steel demands in developing countries. However, the content of iron in ore deposits has deteriorated and low-grade iron ore has been processed. The fines resulting from the concentration process must be agglomerated for use in iron and steelmaking. This chapter

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Pellets for Direct Reduction - 911 Metallurgist

Jan 19, 2019  LKAB have concentrated on developing and marketing grades of pellets for the Midrex-Purofer-Hyl process group, i.e. such D.R. processes which are carried out in a shaft furnace or a static bed using reformed natural gas as a reducing agent. The paper deals with properties and quality demands of iron ore pellets for such processes.

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SINTERING AND PELLETISATION OF INDIAN IRON ORES

8 mm. HPS feed consists of iron ore as pellet feed fines, return fines and iron and steel work remnants, filter dust, additives and binders like limestone, dolomite, bentonite and coal dust. These micro pellets are fed onto a sinter machine to produce sinter cake, which is then broken down and smelted in a blast furnace.

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Preparation of MgO added iron ore pellets and effects on a ...

increasing the content of MgO in iron ore pellets, not only the metallurgical performances of pellets are improved, but also the MgO content in sinter (another burden of blast furnace) decrease, because the excess MgO in sinter causes many negative effects such as the sintering rate, the fuel rate, and the sinter strength and reducibility ...

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US9169532B2 - Process for the improvement of reducibility ...

A process for the improvement of reducibility of iron ore pellets including the steps of preparing a raw material mixture which contains metallic Ni powder, pelletizing the mixture obtained, burning the raw pellets and reducing the burnt pellets under reducing conditions in the presence of CH 4 .

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The Reducibility Studies On Itakpe And Agbaja Resultant ...

The Iron ore is typically classified as high grade (+65% Fe), Medium grade (+62 – 65% Fe) and low grade (-62% Fe). Typically, the Integrated Steel Plants(ISPs) use medium/high-grade iron ore whereas the sponge iron plants require only high-grade iron ore, preferably, with +67% Fe. The Agbaja iron ore is traded in lumps (i.e. sized ore) or

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ore iron ore sinter for chinese steel plants

Nov 03, 2021 In this process, a mixture of iron ore fines, flux, and coal particles is heated to about 1300 °C–1480 °C in a sinter bed The strength and reducibility properties of iron ore sinter are obtained by liquid phase sintering The silicoferrite of calcium and aluminum (SFCA) is the main bonding phase found in modern iron ore sinters

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WO2013173895A1 - Process for the improvement of ...

The present invention discloses a new process for the improvement of reducibility of iron ore pellets comprising the steps of i) preparing a raw material mixture which contain metallic Ni powder; ii) pelletizing the said mixture obtained; iii) burning the said raw pellets and iv) reducing the said burnt pellets under reducing conditions with presence of CH 4.

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SINTERING AND PELLETISATION OF INDIAN IRON ORES

8 mm. HPS feed consists of iron ore as pellet feed fines, return fines and iron and steel work remnants, filter dust, additives and binders like limestone, dolomite, bentonite and coal dust. These micro pellets are fed onto a sinter machine to produce sinter cake, which is then broken down and smelted in a blast furnace.

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IS 12394 (1988): Method for Weathering test on iron ore sinter

b) Relative reducibility, total mass loss at the end of 3 h ( see IS : 11292-1985 ‘Determination of relative reducibility of iron oxides: lump ore, sinter and pellets’ ) 5. Softening characteristics ( see IS : 9660- 1980 ‘Guidelines for determination of softening characteristics of iron core pellets’ )

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Innovative Development on Agglomeration of Iron Ore Fines ...

These pellets show much better reducibility due to the presence of pores which allow gas to pass through. ... general recycled as a part of the charge mix during sintering of iron ore fines. It has been reported that several sinter plants in the world recycle (Basu et

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Study of sinter reactions when fine iron ore is replaced ...

The production of most pig iron in the world is based on the use of iron ore sinter which consists of various mineral phases produced by sintering iron ores with fluxes and coke breeze. During the sintering process, the chemical reactions are taking place at high temperature and iron ores and fluxes are combined together and form a

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Development of Pellet-Sinter Composite Agglomerate for ...

The developed sinter shows good shatter index (92%), tumbler index (67.5%) abrasion index (7.5%) and reducibility index (70%) and low reduction degradation index (27%), which are comparable with the conventional iron ore sinter made in the same set-up keeping other condition identical.

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Effect of Temperature, Time, and Cooling Rate on the ...

Nov 16, 2020  Sinter analogues designed to simulate the bonding phase in iron ore sinter were prepared from Australian iron ore fines using an infra-red rapid-heating furnace. The equipment and procedure is described in previous work. 18 A 1-mm fraction of the iron ore was fluxed to a binary basicity (CaO/SiO 2 ratio) of 2.0 using reagent grade CaCO 3 with ...

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Iron Ore Pelletizing Process: An Overview

Pellets are obtained byadding an appropriate amount of water to the iron ore concentrate; this is a fundamental factor in the formation and growth of pellets, which creates a surface tension that holds the mineral grains cohesive, thus allowing their handling [6, 8].

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linder test of iron ore pellets - zygomat

A Linder experiment was carried out for uncoated iron-ore pellets, Lime coated iron-ore pellets and dust particle coated iron-ore pellets. The Linder test basically gives an idea about behavior of pellets at high temperature and in presence of reducing gas. Reducibility and reduction swelling behaviour of some iron ...

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Chemical, Mineralogical and Metallurgical Characterization ...

Iron ore fines: The larger sized iron ore fines (> 10mm) does not take part in agglomeration rather is sometimes came un-sintered. The larger sized iron ore will segregate at a particular portion where sintering will be fast leaving behind the other portion. This situation will generate heterogeneous sinter chemistry. The smaller sized iron ore ...

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Optimization of Chemical Composition and Microstructure of ...

ture of molten iron and enhancing reducibility of iron ore sinter are necessary and those may be deeply associated with reduction behavior of iron ore sinter. Since the discovery of cohesive zone in quenched blast furnaces, many investigations have been explored to evalu-ate the behavior of sinter during reduction at high tempera-tures.

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